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Chyi-How Lay, Ciao-Yun Huang, Chin-Chao Chen, Chiu-Yue Lin; Biohydrogen production in an anaerobic baffled stacking reactor; Biochemical Engineering Journal, Vol. 109, pp. 59 – 64.

Abstract

This study designs a new type of anaerobic bioreactor based on prefabricated building wastewater treatment facility and plug flow bioreactor structures. This new reactor is named the anaerobic baffled stacking reactor (ABSR). The ABSR is divided into three reaction chambers. A liquid pump is established to recirculate the liquid in the second or third chambers to the first or second chamber to enhance the mass transfer reaction between the substrate and microorganisms. The recirculation pathway and substrate concentration effects of 10, 15, 20 and 30 g COD/L were investigated using sewage sludge as the seed inoculums at a hydraulic retention time of 8 h, pH 5.5 and temperature 35 °C. The results showed the biomass was accumulated at these recirculation strategies from the third to first, third to second and second to first chambers producing decreased carbohydrate utilization and hydrogen production efficiency. The third to first and second recirculation strategy could increase the disturbance efficiency, obtaining peak hydrogen content of 40 ± 2.4%, hydrogen production rate 10.9 ± 1.5 L/L-d and hydrogen production yield 1.7 ± 0.2 mol H2/mol Sucrose. The results reveals that ABSR has the advantages of biomass accumulation and well mixing. The ABSR is more suitable for anaerobic hydrogen production system.

Abbreviations
  • ABSR, Anaerobic baffled stacking reactor;
  • AGSBR, Agitated granular sludge bed reactor;
  • ASBR, Anaerobic sequencing batch reactor;
  • BPR, Biogas production rate (L/L-d);
  • CIGSBR, Carrier-induced granular sludge bed reactor;
  • COD, Chemical oxygen demand;
  • CSABR, Continuously stirred anaerobic bioreactor;
  • CSTR, Continuous stirred tank reactor;
  • FBR, Fixed bed reactors;
  • HPR, Hydrogen production rate (L/L-d);
  • HY, Hydrogen yield (mol H2/mol sucrose);
  • Nd, Dispersion coefficient;
  • OLR, Organic loading rate (g COD/L-d);
  • ORP, Oxidation-reduction potential (-mV);
  • SEM, Scanning electron microscope;
  • T-COD, Total chemical oxygen demand (g/L);
  • Td, The real hydraulic retention time (h);
  • UASB, Up flow anaerobic blanket reactor;
  • VFA, Volatile fatty acid (g COD/L);
  • VSS, Volatile suspended solids (g/L);
  • σ2, Dimensionless equation
Keywords: Anaerobic fermentation; Biohydrogen production; Baffled stacking reactor